What is Endodontics?
Endodontics, also known as Root Canals or Root Canal Therapy, is the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the dental pulp (the soft tissue inside the tooth). The pulp of the tooth contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, which are important in tooth development. When this tissue or the tissue surrounding the tooth root is diseased or damaged due to decay or trauma, endodontic treatment is typically needed to save the tooth.
Why would I need Endodontic treatment?
Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected. The most common reasons for inflammation or infection are deep cavities, (caries) repeated dental procedures, cracks, or chips. Trauma can also cause inflammation, and often shows up as discoloration of the tooth. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.
Signs and Symptoms
Indications for treatment include prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold, discoloration of the tooth, swelling or tenderness of the tooth or adjacent gums. Sometimes, remarkably, there are no symptoms.